Sharing Child-Raising in Stockholm

Zhi Pan

Chinese

潘枝


迈阿密大学商学院


在斯德哥尔摩的街上,经常可以看到很多年轻的父亲推着婴儿车。阿那斯 哈歌斯庄,31岁,就是其中一个。


 


哈格斯庄,在一个证券公司工作,在一个周日的下午,推着婴儿车在逛超市。他的二字只有六个星期大。他已经在头两个星期照顾了宝宝。


“我现在工作,我的妻子照顾宝宝,在着一年里都由她照顾宝宝。然后我会照顾宝宝在后面六个月。”他说。


 


瑞典政府鼓励并支持父亲去花更多的时间去照顾他们的宝宝。父亲们通常分担18个月的育婴假。这时瑞典哲学的一部分——美满的家庭创造美满的国家,就如他们相信健康的政府使公民们更加健康成功。


 


“前三个月,被称为爸爸月。”哈格斯庄说:“但事实上,妈妈们也可以照顾。我们可以自己安排。”


分担照顾宝宝使母亲们能花更多时间在她们的事业上,也使父亲们能多和孩子在一起。


哈格斯庄说,在照顾宝宝期间,政府付给他们薪水,虽然不是全额薪水,但已经很好,很慷慨了。如果父母安排时间更加平衡,政府会更多的奖金和保险给他们。


 


格斯特 昂奎斯特,55岁,有两个儿子。他说瑞典女性有很好的地位。“瑞典男人花很多时间照顾孩子,但是这不是传统的。”,他说。他已经工作作为一个记者十五年了,“如果回到三四十年前,瑞典就像其他国家一样,男人工作,女人照顾家庭。”他抚养孩子的哲学就是让孩子们作出自己的选择,这也是他在自己成长的时候所坐的。


 


English

On the streets of Stockholm, young fathers often can be seen pushing baby strollers.  Anerrs Hägerstrand, 31, is one of them.

Hagerstrand, who works for a securities company, was pushing a stroller in a supermarket on a Sunday afternoon. His son was just six weeks old. He took charge of caring for the baby for the first two weeks.

“I am working now,’’ he said. ‘’My wife is taking care of our baby and will do it for one year.”  After that, he said he would stay home and take care of the baby for six months.

The government of Sweden encourages and supports fathers to spend time with their infant children.   Fathers typically share up to 18 months of parental leave with their partners. The parental arrangements are part of Sweden’s philosophy that healthy families makes for a healthy country, just as they believe that a healthy environment contributes to healthy and prosperous citizens.

“The first three months, we call them daddy’s months,” Hagerstrand said. “but actually, mothers can take them too. We can arrange it by ourselves.”

The childcare sharing program permits mothers could spend more time on their careers while enabling fathers to spend time with their children.

Hägerstrand said the government pays the salaries of couples when they are on parental leave.

“Although it isn’t  full salary,” he said, “it is very generous.  If parents spend time on children more equally, the government even gives us a bonus and better insurance for them.”

Gosta Elmquist, 55, has two sons. He said Swedish women have a good deal.  “Swedish men do take a lot of care of their children, and it’s not a traditional thing,’’ he said.  Elmsquist said he has worked as journalist since he was 15 years old.  “If you go back 30 or 40  years,” he said,  Sweden “was like other countries where  men go to work and women take care of the house and children.”

His philosophy for raising children, he said, is to let his children make their own decisions about their lives. That’s the way his parents dealt with him when he was growing up, he said.  #

 

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